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Quetta (or sometimes-spelled kwatah) is a city and provincial capital of Baluchistan. The name is a variation of kwatkot, Meaning "fort" and the city is still locally known by its ancient name of Shal or Shalkot. The city is the divisional and district Headquarters and is an important marketing and communications center at the north end of the Shal valley about 5500-ft (1675 m) above sea level. It is the southern most point in a line of frontier posts and in the system of strategic roads and railways near the Northwest (Afghanistan) border. Commanding the Bolan and Khojak passes, Quetta was occupied by the British in 1876; a residency was founded by Sir Robert Sandeman, and the town developed around its strongly garrison army station. Incorporated as a municipality in 1896, its Army commands and Staff College was open in 1907. A violent earthquake partially destroyed the city in May 1935, with a loss of 20000 lives. Now a market center for western Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and part of Central Asia, its industries include cotton mills, sulphur refinery, coke briquetting plants, a thermal power station, and fruit canneries. The city is the site of a geophysical institute, the geological survey of Pakistan, Sandeman, Library, and two government colleges affiliated with the University of Peshawar. The University of Baluchistan was established at Quetta in 1970.

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About Peshawar:

Images of Queta

National Parks:
Hazar Ganji Chiltan National Park

Museums:
Archaeological Museum

Nearby Destinations:
Zhob
Ziarat Valley


Quetta district is bounded north by Pishin district, west by Afghanistan, east by district and south by Kalat and Chagai districts. Physically, it comprises a series of long valleys 4500 5500-ft above sea level enclosed by the Central Brahui range in the south and drained by the Pishin Lora River and its tributaries. Its climate is dry and temperate and suitable for valley cultivation of grape peaches, plums, apricots, apples, almonds, pears, and pomegranates. Wheat, barley and corn are common crops; juniper and pistachio forests abound. Horse breeding is widespread. Felts, rugs, silk embroidery and copper vessels are local handicrafts.

Quetta division constituted in 1955. It is mostly mountainous and is bounded east by Solomon range and north by the TobaKakar range, separating it from Afghanistan. South of Chaman (near Afghan border) are the Khawaja Amran and Sarl Ath ranges. Across the former lies the famous Khojak Pass with the Shelabagh railway tunnel piercing 2.5 miles (4 km) of solid rock.

From Nushki (Southwest of Quetta city) to Dalbandin (Southwest of Nushki), the division consists of a sandy level plain; and Farther west beyond Dalbandin, and Pishin Lora are the chief rivers. Rainfall is scarce, cultivation depending mostly on irrigation From karezes (underground channels) in the submontane area, springs and streams in the highlands, and wells in parts of Sibi Plain. Wheat is the main Rabi (spring) crop; jowar (sorghum) is the chief kharif (autumn) crop in the plains and corn in the highlands. Potato growing is also increasing. Cooking coal is mined at Khost in Sibi and in the Sor range east of Quetta City.

 
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Baluchistan Assembly Quetta
Queta
Queta
Queta
Hazar Ganji Chiltan National Park
Location 20 km South East of Quetta
Activities/Interest Wild Life, Nature, Ecotour, Education
Accessibility

Road

Hazar Ganji literally means "Of a thousand treasures". In the folds of these mountains, legend has it, that there are over a thousand treasures buried; reminders of the passage of great armies down the corridors of history. The Bactrain's, Scythians, Mongol's and then the great migrating hordes of Baloch, all passed this way. In this Park Markhors have been given protection. The park is spread over 32,500 acres, altitude ranging from 2021 to 3264 meters
Hazar Ganji Chiltan National Park has given the protection to the Markhor, which is the national animal of Pakistan. This is endangered animal so this kept in HazarGanji Chiltan National Park. Overnice markhor has been given protection it's numbered has multiplied.
Other animal in the park are straight horned Markhors, "Gad" (wild sheep) and leopards which occasionally migrate to the park from other areas, wolves, striped hyena, wild cats and porcupines.
Many birds like partridge, warblers, shikras, blue rock pigeon, rock nuthatch, red gilled choughs, golden eagle, sparrow, hawks, falcons and bearded vultures are either found here or visit the park in different seasons.
Reptiles like monitor and other wild lizards, geckos, Afghan tortoise, and python, cobra, horned viper and levantine may also be seen in the park.
Amongst the flora of the park are 225 species of plants. Prominent is the pistachio's, Juniper, wild olive, wild ash and wild almond. Many shrub's like wild fig, barbery, wild cherry, makhi etc; provide food and shelter to the foraging animals, birds and other life form. Many medicinal herbs are also there. There is a splash of color ion spring when most of the plants are in bloom. Nature lovers, students, scientists and researcher are welcome to visit the park at any time of the year. Permit to visit the park can be obtained from the Divisional Forest Officer, Spiny Road, and Quetta.
Rest house facility is available for overnight stay. Park Rangers help the visitors to see animals. Access trails have been developed in the park for visitors.

Wildlife:
Mammals in the park include Chiltan wildgoat or Markhor, straight-horned Markhor, wild sheep (Gad), Indian wolf, Stripped hyaena, Caracal (unconfirmed), Jackal, Indian fox, Porcupine, Desert hare and the Asiatic Leopard that ocassionally migrate from other areas.
Birds in the park are Houbara bustard, Griffon vulture, Honey buzzard, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk, Egyptian vulture, Larks, Shrikes, Wheatears
Reptiles in the park are Monitor lizard, Russells viper, Indian cobra, Saw scaled viper and Spiny tailed lizard.

Archaeological Museum
Location Quetta.
Display Weapon, Ceramic, Manuscripts, Mineral, & Paintings.

Located at Jinnah Road and close from the city. It has five galleries, which consists of Weapon Gallery, Ceramic Gallery, Manuscripts section, Mineral section and Paintings section
This museum was started in Quetta as early as 1900 and it was formally opened in 1906. However, this museum was severally damaged during the devastating earthquake of 1935. Since then several attempts to revive one of the earliest Museums of the country could not mature for a long time.

Zhob
Location 96 Kilometers North East of Quetta
Elevation From 2273 meters to 3030 meters
Weather Weather is cold all around the year
Tourist Season Best season to visit is Feb to Mar to witness the snow and spring together.
Activities/Interest Trekking, Picnic, Photography, Archaeology, Culture
Accessibility -
Other Facts Fruit orchards are in abundance and the season of fruits is Aug to Oct

Zhob valley is the picturus valley having the beautiful mountains, treks and archeological sites. It starts from the Muslim Bagh (7500 feet) and ends at the Afghan boarder Fort Sandeman (10000 feet). Where there is lot of beauty in the valley and abundance of fruit orchards there is another dangerous thing present in abundance and that is scorpions. In the month of April the flowers bloom and you'll be able to see and extraordinary site with flowers and snow together.

Places of Interest:

Muslim Bagh: Zhob valley starts from Muslim Bagh, which is the center of Chromate Mines and is 3 hours drive from Quetta. Coming to Muslim Bagh and not visiting the chromate mines is a waste of your tour. The Muslim Bagh is known as an Oasis of Orchards. Yet another place to see in Muslim Bagh is the Asia's highest Railway Station Kanmehtarzai Pass, which is on the road, which connects Fort Sandeman with Bostan.

Rana Ghundi: is an archeological site having mounds from which remains of a culture have been found with affinities to the Hisar culture of North East Iran around 3500 BC. A Red Pottery is also found which is estimated that it belongs to a period earlier than the Indus valley civilization.

Fort Sandeman: (10000 feet) above sea level is the Afghan Pakistan boarder has the beautiful scenery all around it. Sheen Ghar (Green Hill) at this height is covered with Pine forest and is the best area in the valley to shoot Chokor.

Qila Saifullah: is the seat of the famous Jogezai family located on the ancient Carvan routs, is famous for its Apples, Pistachio Nuts, and the beautiful scenery spots. Qila Saifullah is community is known to be the earliest agricultural community in the Indo Pak Subcontinent, which was flourishing at the beginning of 3000 BC. The climate here is heavy.

Ziarat Valley
Location 133 Kilometers from Quetta.
Elevation 2449 meter above sea level.
Weather Cold snow falls in the winter season.
Tourist Season May to October.
Activities/Interest History, Photography, Education, Childern Tours, Senior Tours
Accessibility It takes three hours from Quetta to reach Ziarat by road.
Other Facts

1787 Hectors in and around Ziarat are under Apple orchards which includes the most delicious black and red Kulu variety. Black Cherries are also available from 1st to 15th of June.

It is called Ziarat because of a saint Kharwari Baba who came to this valley on preaching mission, rested here and then buried here after his death. When he came here climbed on a hill and uttered, "this land shall flourish" with the saying he tapped the ground with his wand and water came out from the spot which is still flourishing. His Shrine is 10 kms from Ziarat that's why this valley is called Ziarat.


Places of Interest:

Quaid-e-Azam Residency
A view of Ziarat Gate

Shrine of Kharwari Baba It is situated in most picturesque surroundings having several hiking and trekking peaks and of course the Shrine of Kharwari Baba which is 10 kms from the valley. The water here is very good for health. There are lots of springs and picnic spots available here near Kharwari Baba's Shrine (Ziarat).

Juniper Forest:
Juniper is said to be the slowest growing trees in the world and Ziarat is the one place where you can find them. This forest is the largest and oldest of its kind some of the trees here are as old as 5000 years.

Juniper Road:Jeepable road is wending through the hills, which are covered by the Kato Juniper forest. The length of this road is 6 miles; the altitude change from starting to end is over 1000 feet.

Quaid-e-Azam's ResidencyQuaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah the founder leader and the first Governor General of Pakistan spent his last days here in Ziarat. The place where he stayed is a two-story building. From the balcony of the upper floor the entire valley is laid out for view. The furniture used by the father of the nation is lying at its original position. It has a striking view because of its lush green lawns and flower gardens.

Prospect PointThis place is situated about three and a half miles (10 kms) from Ziarat to Kharwari Baba road. Its altitude is 8,900 feet above sea level having the beautiful landscape and from here you can see the juniper forest in the valley which is 1000 feet below the point. From the nearby cliff you'll be able to see the heights peeks of these hills named Khilafat, this is 11,400 feet in height.

Chashma walkThis is a lovely walk to a spring, which supplies the water to town it starts from the pool and goes along bank of deep ravine. On the other side there are high mountains covered with Juniper.





 
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